Why have autocracies in the 20th century had such shorter tenures than pre moder

Why have autocracies in the 20th century had such shorter tenures than pre modern autocracies?
MUST draw on ALL relevant required readings with page numbers. You will be graded both on the content and clarity of your writing. For example, you should have a clear thesis statement and each of your paragraphs should have a clear topic sentence. (keep in mind all the readings and lecture slides were attached, however, please fine the specific ones that must be used related to the topic)
PLEASE CITE ACCORDINGLY ALL LECTURE MATERIAL
USE OUTDISE SCHOLARLY SOURCES, JUST MAKE SURE THEY ARE CITED CORRECTLY
In order to get an A, the answer MUST make specific reference (including page #s) to all relevant required reading as well as lectures.
A few notes:
– To study, you should go do the required reading for each week and go over the key terms
(below)
– You will be graded in part on the clarity of your thesis statement and the organization of
your essay. You should treat this exam as a kind of mini paper.
– The thesis statement should be clear and crisp. Each paragraph should have a clear subject sentence.
– Make sure to refer to updated syllabus to make sure you are covering the correct
readings.
-No need for a bibliography
***PLEASE USE AND DEFINE KEY APPROPRIATE WORDS IN ESSAY
**ONLY USE RELEVANT KEYWORDS TO THE TOPIC
Key terms for final:
Idiographic
Nomothetic
State
Regime
Government
Ideal type
Authority/legitimacy
Personalism/Impersonalism
Traditional authority
Charismatic authority
Legal-rational authority
Despotic state power
Infrastructural state power
 Monarchy
o Charismatic and traditional authority of monarch
o Routinization of charisma
o Despotic and infrastructural power under monarchies
 Religion and Monarchy
 Monarchy and instability
o Undefined boundaries
o Succession
 Elective monarchy
 Agnatic seniority
 Primogeniture
o Constant wars an internecine battles
 Types of monarchies
o Estate monarchies
o Patriarchal monarchies
 oligarchy
 Modern Democracy
 Athenian Democracy
o Ekklesia
o Boule
o Dikastria
o Isegoria
 Democracy by lottery vs. election
 Solon
 Cleisthenes
 Nationalism and democracy
 411 coup
 Absolutism
 Tax Farming
 Venal offices
 General Tax Farm
 Intendants
 The Fronde
 Standing armies
 War and state building
 Nation state
 parlements
 Privileges
 Third estate
 Individualism vs. corporatism
 Estates-General
 Vote by head vs. vote by estate
 August reforms
 Sans-culottes
 Flight to Varennes
 Jacobins
 Democracy in French Revolution
 Committee of Public Safety
 Robespierre
 Substantive vs. procedural democracy
• Colonialism
• Technological divide
• Treaty of Tordesillas
• El Dorado
• Orientalism
• Portuguese, Spanish, British imperialism
• Slavery and trade triangle
• Haitian Revolution
• Toussaint Louverture
• “New Imperialism”
• 1885 Berlin Conference
• Explaining empire: Gold, God Glory
Substantive vs. procedural democracy
Representative vs. direct democracy
Contestation and participation
Industrial revolution
1831 riots/protests
Suffrage
Secret ballot
Glorious Revolution
Rotten boroughs
Old Corruption
Great Reform Act of 1832
Benjamin Disraeli
Impact of French revolutions
Sources of Democratic Stability
British Conservative party
Masses in premodern society
Rise of Mass politics
Industrial Revolution
• Urbanization
• Literacy
Marxism
Fascism
Russian Revolution:
• February Revolution
• October revolution
Bolsheviks
Cheka
Whites
Joseph Stalin
Collectivization
Industrialization
Great Terror
Totalitarianism
Military rule
Naked politics
Salvador Allende
Causes of Chilean coup
Origins of military rule
Weak state infrastructural power
Anti-communism
Military rule and demobilization
• “Dirty war”/disappearances in Argentina
Decolonization and military rule
1963 coup Dahomey/Benin
Weakness of military rule
Exit option and weakness