There are 21 discussions and for each one the requirements are the same.
Be 100 words or more
Use the stand English grammar and spelling
References are cited (if necessary)
Discussion 1: Case Study
Chapter 1: The Journey Begins: Introduction to Community
The nursing student is attending a 1-day orientation at the agency to learn about
community health nursing. The nurse is reviewing that community health nursing
has opportunities and challenges to keep the nurse interested and involved in a
community-focused career for a lifetime. The presenter has provided the students
with a list of questions about what was learned during the day. The student nurses
each have to prepare a 3-minute presentation for the question assigned to them
1. What is community health and public health?
2. What is meant by the concept of community?
3. What are the differences among the three levels of prevention?
4. What are the eight characteristics of community health nursing?
Discussion 2: Case Study
Theoretical Basis of Community/Public Health Nursing
Public health nursing is a community-oriented, population-focused nursing specialty
that is based on interpersonal relationships. The unit of care is the community or
population rather than the individual, and the goal is to promote healthy
communities. The community health nurse has been assigned to count and
interview homeless people sleeping in the local park to help in identifying programs
to provide food, clothing, shelter, health care, and job training for the population.
The community health nurse has to consider the eight principles of public health
nursing in community health nursing practice when completing the assignment
1. There are essential characteristics of nursing service when a community is
the client. Describe community-oriented, population-focused care, and
relationship-based care. What type of care is been completed by the
community health nurse who has been assigned to count and interview
homeless people sleeping in the local park to help in identifying programs to
provide food, clothing, shelter, health care, and job training for the
2. The goals of public health nursing, to promote and protect the health of
communities, are facilitated by adhering to eight principles identified by the
American Nurses Association (2007) for public health nursing practice. The
community health nurse has to consider the eight principles of public health
nursing in community health nursing practice when completing the
assignment with homeless individuals. What are the eight principles?
3. There are numerous models of nursing practice that can be utilized in
community health nursing practice. Theories and models of
community/public health nursing practice aid the nurse in understanding the
rationale behind community-oriented care. What are five of these models of
nursing practice with a brief summary of the model?
Discussion 3: Case Study
Setting the Stage for Community Health Nursing
At the community health care agency, the assigned nurse reviews with the assigned
student the conceptual foundations and core functions of community health practice
that are integrated into the various roles and settings of community health nursing.
After working at the agency for the day, the student has to prepare an oral report
to present to the class the next day.
1. What are the three core public health functions that are basic to community
2. There are seven different roles of the community health nurse. What are the
seven different roles of the community health nurse?
3. The role of manager is a critical role for the community health nurse. What is
involved in the role of manager within the framework of public health nursing
4. There are seven settings in which community health nurses practice. What
are the seven settings and provide a brief description of the settings in which
community health nurses practice?
Discussion 4: Case Study
Evidence-Based Practice and Ethics in Community Health
The student nurse starts the day with the community health nurse with a discussion
about the implementation of evidence-based practice. The nurse reviews with the
student the importance of including appropriate research and evidence-based
practice principles each day during the daily visits. The community health nurse
emphasizes the importance of looking at one’s own values since the student nurse
will encounter various individuals in the community health setting. The community
health nurse asks the student nurse to review the key human values that influence
a client’s health.
1. The community health nurse asks the student nurse to explain what is
involved in evidence-based practice. What are the necessary steps in the
process of evidence-based practice that the nurse should include in the
discussion with the community health nurse?
2. What does implementation of evidence-based practice enable the community
health nurse to do in the community?
3. Research has what significant impact on community health and nursing
4. Values and ethical principles strongly influence community health nursing
practice and ethical decision-making. What function do values hold in clinical
practice in the community health setting?
5. What three human values influence client health that the community health
nurse must consider?
Discussion 5: Case Study
Theoretical Basis for Promoting Family Health
The family as the unit of service has received increasing emphasis in nursing over
the years. Today, family nursing has an important place in nursing practice,
particularly in community health nursing. The community health nurse is reviewing
with the student nurses the key concepts about the theoretical basis for family
health. The students are being asked questions about family characteristics and the
stages of the family life cycle.
1. Families share universal characteristics with every other family. These
characteristics provide an important key to understanding each family’s
uniqueness. What are five of the most important family characteristics that
community health nurses must recognize and consider in their practice?
2. The community health nurse is sitting in a living room talking with a young
mother about her new infant. The community nurse finds it is difficult to keep
in mind that all the other family members are present by way of their
influence. Systems theory offers some insights about how families operate as
social systems. Knowing the attributes of living systems or open systems can
help strengthen understanding of family structure and function. What are five
attributes of open systems that help explain how families function?
3. The community health nurse is sitting in a living room talking with a young
mother about her new infant. There are two broad stages in the family life
cycle. What are the two broad stages in the family life cycle and what stage
is this young mother with a new infant?
4. In US society, certain social institutions help perform some aspects of
traditional family functions. What are the six functions that are typical of
American families today and are essential for the maintenance and promotion
of family health?
Discussion 6: Case Study
Epidemiology in Community Health Care
The community health nurse is reviewing several epidemiologic research studies
with student nurses that are beginning a 6-month community health rotation.
Epidemiology offers community health nurses a specific methodology for assessing
the health of aggregates. The nurse has requested that the student participate in a
semester long epidemiologic research study
1. Why is it important that community health nurses review epidemiologic
2. What are the seven steps that student nurses must consider when
participating with the community health nurse in the epidemiologic research
3. The goals of epidemiologic investigation are to identify the causal
mechanisms of health and illness states and to develop measures for
preventing illness and promoting health. Epidemiologists employ an
investigative process that involves a sequence of three approaches that build
on one another. What are the three investigate approaches?
4. The community health nurse has been requested to figure out the prevalence
rate and the incidence rate of influenza for a 1-month period of time. There
were 1,000 students who reported flu-like symptoms during 1 month in a
population of 5,000 students at the local community college, and during the
same month, 500 individuals developed influenza. What is the prevalence
rate and incidence rate?
Discussion 7: Case Study
Structure and Economics of Community Health Services
Many factors and events have influenced the current structure, function, and
financing of community health services. Understanding this background gives the
community health nurse a stronger base for planning for the health of the
population. A group of student nurses have been requested to present a 1 hour in
service to the local health department on the structure and economics of
community health services as part of the community health nursing course
requirements. The presentation has to include information about a variety of topics.
1. What are the key historical events and philosophical developments that have
led to today’s health services delivery systems?
2. What are the differences between the functions of public versus private
sector health care agencies?
3. What are the three core functions of public health as they apply to health
4. There are several trends and issues that have influenced community health
care financing and delivery that are important in understanding health care
economics and helping to improve community health. What are some of
these trends and issues?
5. In what important ways has the changing nature of health care financing
adversely affected community health nursing and its practice?
Discussion 8: Case Study
Global Public Health Nursing: Population Health Around the
Community health nurses work with populations that vary from country to country,
and to serve them appropriately requires an understanding of the ways in which the
context in which they are located interacts with their health status and health
histories. Student nurses are spending a month in Africa reviewing global health
and international community health nursing.
1. The student nurses are required to examine the population in Africa to assess
the kinds of health conditions the population experiences. What is the
context and framework for delivering community-based nursing within the
context of international community health nursing?
2. The student nurses are examining the population to assess the kinds of
health conditions the African population experience. The international
community health nurses suggest using the three eras and the three P’s as
helpful guides in this assessment. What are the three eras and the three P’s
that the student nurses need to consider?
3. What major international, national, regional, and local organizational
structures and organizations affect the ways in which community health
nursing is practiced?
Discussion 9: Case Study
Adult Women and Men
The school nurse is preparing for a week long community health nurse rotation. The
preparation includes reviewing and preparing a brief summary about common
issues affecting adult women and men. The community health nurse is going to ask
the student key questions to ensure that proper preparation for the rotation has
1. The 20th century saw a shift in the leading causes of death from
communicable diseases to noncommunicable diseases. Currently, what are
the five leading causes of death in adults?
2. Chronic illness is an issue of increasing concern for both men and women as
life expectancies increase. What are the three levels of prevention and
activities that community health nurses should consider in order to promote
health across the adult women and men life span?
3. The student nurse visits a woman’s home with the community health nurse.
What are some important facts that the community health nurse and student
nurse can share with this woman to help raise awareness regarding heart
4. The community health nurse has to do a short program in the local senior
center on mortality from unintentional injuries in the United States. The
student nurse shares some key facts about mortality from unintentional
injuries in the United States based on age. What is the top unintentional
injuries mortality among adult groups?
Discussion 10: Answers the following questions: How do you feel when you look at the photos in this lesson? What are some of the first thoughts that come to your mind? LOOK AT ATTACHED FILE.
Discussion 11: Answer the following questions: What is a Change Agent? How do you envision yourself as an Agent of Change? Before you answer the question above, consider the various roles we have already studied, the population that you served, your area of expertise in your practice, and your own unique talents.
There are 21 discussions and for each one the requirements are the same.