Guidelines for the Paper on Milan Kundera’s Identity At the end of the novel Kun

Guidelines for the Paper on Milan Kundera’s Identity
At the end of the novel Kundera writes:
Who was dreaming? Who dreamed this story? Who imagined it? She? He?Both of them? Each one for the other?And starting when did their real life change into this treacherous fantasy?
1. Now that you have finished the book Identity (or possibly you are still reading it), you should have realized that the novel is a story that slowly slips from reality into unreality. Hopefully, along the way you questioned the “reality” of the story in the novel. Your assignment is basically to assess:
a) how the novel is structured with regard to reality, fantasy and dream. Also, you should comment on the above–who was dreaming and when was he/she dreaming. Was the whole book a departure from the real or does the plot slowly degrade? You should present a scheme for novel and discuss the plot’s unfolding
helpful hint:
your process of coming to terms with this basic shift from the “believable” (and therefore the real) to the “unbelievable” (the unreal) may help you discern where the rifts between reality, fantasy and dream are in the text. Where did you find your faith in the reality of the text waning? Where was it tested? How long could you suspend disbelief?
2. This essay is
an interpretation of what is transpiring in the book. Therefore, your paper should include a discussion of each “section” in your interpretive scheme for the novel. You should use particular scenes to illustrate your interpretation of what is happening in the book. You can support for your interpretations of whether a scene represents reality, fantasy or dream (or some combination of these) in several ways:
i) you can use your knowledge of a character’s disposition or frame of mind to provide support for why you think the scene represents the reality/unreality you assign to it. In other words, you may ask yourself what are the inner motivations for a character’s dream or fantasy. Therefore, analyzing this character may provide support for why you think the scene represents what you think it does in accordance with your interpretive scheme.
ii) you can use any information regarding psychological states of mind (dream states, trance states, meta-dream states, lucid dreaming, etc.) to supprt why you think a scene represents what you think it does in accordance with your interpretive scheme.
3. Try to focus on particular details of the story that made you question the speaker’s narrative. Was there a particular scene or detail that was “the straw that broke the camel’s back”?
4. In the conclusion try to come to grips with (respond in a coherent manner to) the questions the speaker poses at the end of the novel [see above]. Also in the conclusion you may choose to address what you think Kundera is saying about the connections between fantasy, reality and identity. Or you may wish to address any other aspect of the book.
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In summary, the assignment will include a brief summary of the plot twists (i. e. the process), a discussion of when and why the story seemed to turn into fiction (citing relevant details from the story which were the “last straws”, as it were), and finally, in the conclusion, you will address the question(s) the narrator posed concerning from whose perspective the story was “dreamed”