For this take-home exam you will write a long-answer response to one prompt from

For this take-home exam you will write a long-answer response to one prompt from each of the sections below (four responses in total). Responses must be focused, specific, well-written, and demonstrate a complex command of the relevant historical issues.
Some ground rules for the responses:
Your responses should be at least 250 words each.
Exams not turned in by the time listed will not be accepted. There are no exceptions to this rule. If the dropbox closes and you have not submitted anything then you will receive a zero.
I want to know where your information is coming from. Please provide at least informal citations in your answers. These citations should let me know if the source of your information was from Globalyceum (and which specific reading from there), lecture, or film. A simple parenthetical citation will be fine.
Plagiarism is unacceptable. These responses need to be in your own words and if I determine that any of the material you submit is not your own and is not properly cited I will give you a zero. Your submission will be compared to an online database through a service called Vericite that will give you an originality score. Make sure that your originality score is below 20%.
Related to (4), I am not testing you on your ability to use a search engine. DO NOT USE OUTSIDE SOURCES. The prompts are based on material covered throughout this semester so the materials you have will be sufficient in helping you craft your responses.
This is not a group project. These should be worked on individually.
Do not over-generalize. Use strong historical examples to back up your arguments. Responses that only offer generalizations without reference to historical situations will not receive good grades. Make strong statements that can be backed up with solid historical evidence. If you have no evidence to back up one of your statements then you should not make that statement.
Unit 1 Questions (Choose one):
What were the greatest social, ecological, and political challenges faced by early civilizations (pre-1000 BCE)? What were some ways that civilizations sought to solve these challenges? Be specific. Your response must address all three types of challenge.
In what ways were the four River Valley Civilizations similar to each other? What were the most significant ways the civilizations diverged from each other? Are they best understood according to the traits they shared or by their differences?
Unit 2 Questions (Choose one):
Compare and contrast the development and spread of Christianity and Buddhism. What are the most significant commonalities between the two? What are the most glaring differences? Your response should focus on the process through which these religions developed not on their respective doctrines.
Construct an empire by selecting elements out of the Afro-Eurasian empires of the Classical Era (Han & Qin China, Mauryan India, Persia, and the Greek and Roman Empires). From these major empires select an ideology to base the empire around, an infrastructure (i.e. transportation, communication, control of water resources, etc.) to help hold the empire together, a specific territory that is most beneficial to the imperial project, and a system of rule to help govern the territory. You must explain the reasoning behind your choices. Make sure your selections come from more than one region.
Unit 3 Questions (Choose one):
What were some of the most significant effects of Islam on the world from the 7th through the 12th century? Think in terms of culture, politics, economics, and ecology
Explore the distinctiveness of societies in sub-Saharan Africa, Mesoamerica, the Andes, Polynesia, and Australia. For each region select a trait that is unique to that area and is therefore a result of isolation.
Unit 4 Questions (Choose one):
Describe the impact of conquest, trade, and exploration in connecting the world from the 13th to the 16th
What were the most significant social, economic, and political changes experienced by European societies from the 12th to the 16th centuries?
Your responses will be graded based on the following components:
Focus and Coherence (5 points): Response is plausible and covers all the relevant issues from the prompt.
Historical Detail (5 points): Response goes beyond generalities and provides sufficient historical details including reference to people, places, dates, event, and key terms.
Complexity and Command (5 points): Response demonstrates a complex grasp of the relevant issues.
Conventions (5 points): Response does not contain a significant number of errors in grammar, spelling, punctuation, or word choice.