Directions Complete the following in a Word document titled “Assessment 4”: The

Directions
Complete
the following in a Word document titled “Assessment 4”:
The Windows
disk defragmenter is a valuable tool for keeping hard drives running
efficiently.
Explain in
detail how this tool helps optimize hard drives.
Is the optimizing
tool recommended for use with solid state drives (SSD)? Why or why not?
Windows
update is a method used by Windows systems to deploy security
reinforcements, software updates, and hotfixes. Often this process is
performed automatically.
Explain the
pros and cons of automatic updates.
Explain how
to prevent automatic updates on your network. Why might you do this?
Propose a
solution to resolve the two most urgent security issues listed below:
1.
Restrict Anonymous Users
Check
Description: This check determines whether the RestrictAnonymous registry
setting is used to restrict anonymous connections on the scanned computer. Anonymous
users can list certain types of system information, including user names and
details, account policies, and share names. Users who want enhanced security
can restrict this function so that anonymous users cannot access this
information.
Additional
Information: The RestrictAnonymous registry setting controls the level of
enumeration that is granted to an anonymous user. You can set this to any of
the following values:
0 – None. Rely on default permissions.
1 –
Do not allow enumeration of Security Accounts Manager (SAM) accounts and names.
2 –
No access without explicit anonymous permissions.
Solution
To
restrict anonymous connections from accessing this system information, change
the RestrictAnonymous security settings. You can do this through the Security
Configuration Manager snap-in (the setting is defined in the Local Policies
portion of the default security templates) or through a registry editor. You
can change the registry setting from 0 to 1 or 2 in Windows® 2000:
0 –
None. Rely on default permissions.
1 –
Do not allow enumeration of Security Accounts Manager (SAM) accounts and names.
2 –
No access without explicit anonymous permissions.
Caution
•Before
you set this value to 2, see article 246261, “How to Use the
RestrictAnonymous Registry Value in Windows 2000.” We recommend that you
do not set this value to 2 on domain controllers or computers running Small
Business Server (SBS) in Mixed-Mode environments (for example, networks with
downlevel clients). In addition, client computers with RestrictAnonymous set to
2 should not take on the role of master browser. For more details on configuring
RestrictAnonymous on domain controllers and in Windows 2000 environments, and
to better understand potential compatibility issues when using this setting,
refer to the Microsoft Knowledge Base articles that are listed later in this
document.
2.
Automatic Updates Check
Check
Description: This check identifies whether the Automatic Updates feature is
enabled on the scanned computer and if so, how it is configured. Automatic
Updates can keep your computer up-to-date automatically with the latest updates
from Microsoft by delivering them directly to your computer from the Microsoft
Update site, Windows Update site, or from a local Windows Server Update
Services (WSUS) server if you are in a managed environment. Automatic Updates
is available on Windows® 2000 SP4 computers and higher.
Automatic
Updates can be configured to automatically download and install updates on a
computer, automatically download but notify the user of updates before
installing, or notify the user before both downloading and installing updates
on a computer.
Solution
Enable
and configure Automatic Updates to automatically download and install the
latest updates from Microsoft. For more information on Automatic Updates
settings, please refer to the Knowledge Base article on scheduling Automatic
Updates in Windows XP, Windows 2000, or Windows Server 2003.
Instructions:
You must be logged on as a computer administrator to complete this procedure.
To
change Automatic Updates settings in Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Professional,
or Windows 2000
1.Open
System, and then click the Automatic Updates tab.

or –
If
you are running Windows 2000, click Start, point to Settings, click Control
Panel, and then double-click Automatic Updates.
2.Click
Automatic (recommended).
3.Under
Automatically download recommended updates for my computer and install them,
select the day and time you want Windows to install updates.
To
change Automatic Updates settings in Windows Server 2008 or Windows Vista
1.Open
Start, and then click the Control Panel.
2.Click
Windows Update icon.
3.Choose
Change Settings and select Install
Updates Automatically (recommended).
Systems
administrators aim to keep their computer systems up-to-date. Windows
systems have built-in tools that systems administrators can use to
fine-tune the system. A popular tool in Windows systems is the performance
monitor.
Explain
what the performance monitor does and how the information it provides
helps the system administrator maintain the network.
Suggested Resources
The following resources are provided to support you in
completing the assignment or to provide a helpful context.
Windows
Update
Hoffman, C. (2018). How to fix a PC
stuck on “Don’t Turn Off” during Windows updates. How-To Geek.
https://www.howtogeek.com/356953/how-to-fix-a-pc-stuck-on-dont-turn-off-during-windows-updates/
Panda Mediacenter. (n.d.). How can I stop an
unexpected Windows 10 update? https://www.pandasecurity.com/mediacenter/mobile-news/windows-updates/
Microsoft. (2021). Walkthrough: Use
Group Policy to configure Windows update for business. https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/deployment/update/waas-wufb-group-policy
This is a step-by-step walkthrough on how to use Group
Policy to configure Windows Update for Windows 10.
Windows
Defragmenter
Baggesen, M. (2021). How
to defrag your Windows computer. Lifewire. https://www.lifewire.com/how-to-defrag-your-computer-3506876
The article deals with built-in, free, and other
third-party defragmenting tools.
Casserly, M. (2020). How to defrag a hard
drive. Tech Advisor. https://www.techadvisor.co.uk/how-to/windows/how-defrag-hard-drive-3493358/
The article explains how to defrag hard drives in current
and some previous versions of Windows.
Performance
Monitoring
Opsview. (n.d.). Cloud &
infrastructure monitoring for your business. https://www.opsview.com/
Huculak, M. (2017). How to use
Performance Monitor on Windows 10. Windows Central.
https://www.windowscentral.com/how-use-performance-monitor-windows-10
Pandora FMS team. (2021). Server
monitoring: a small guide with the best practices you need to know. Pandora FMS. https://blog.pandorafms.org/server-monitoring-best-practices/